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Aristotle


Aristotle was born in Estagira, a city of Macedonia, about 320 kilometers north of Athens in 384 BC and died in 322 BC. He was a mathematician, writer, philosopher and biologist. Author of the oldest set of scientific works that physically resisted to our time and also considered the most learned man of all time. The son of a physicist friend of Amyntas, Macedonian king and Alexander's grandfather, he initially practiced medicine at Estagira before going to Athens, where he studied philosophy for twenty years as Plato's disciple.

He arrived in Athens (367 BC) and, upon the death of Master Plato, settled in Asso, Aeolida, and then in Lesbos, until he was called to the court of Philip of Macedonia to take charge of the education of his son (343). a), which would go down to history as Alexander the Great who was then thirteen years old.

He returned to Athens (337 BC) and, for the next 13 years, devoted himself to teaching and writing most of his works. Unfortunately all the originals of his published works were lost, except for the Athens Constitution, discovered at the end of the 19th century (1890). The known works were the result of notes for the philosopher's courses and conferences, first ordered by some disciples and later, more systematically, by Adronico of Rhodes. Founder, along with Theophrastus and others, of the Aristotelian High School (334 BC), Peripatetic School of Athens, where he taught almost all of the sciences, notably biology and natural sciences.

Although mathematics was not a priority subject in high school, it promoted discussions of infinite potential and current arithmetic and geometry and wrote about indivisible lines, where it questioned the doctrine of indivisibles espoused by Xenocrates, Plato's successor in the Academy.

He became the creator of the Aristotelian doctrines, published in eight volumes with writings on physics, mathematics, biology, metaphysics, psychology, politics, logic and ethics, a voluminous speculative and non-mathematical work par excellence. In addition to this treatise he wrote hundreds of works (for some historians, more than a thousand), on logic (Categories, Topics, Analytics, Propositions, etc.), scientific works (Physics, About the sky, About the soul, Meteorology, Natural History). , The parts of animals, The generation of animals, etc.), about aesthetics (Rhetoric and Poetics) and finally the strictly philosophical (Ethics, Politics and Metaphysics). He made the first arguments about the wave theory of light propagation, which long afterward would continue with Da Vince and Galileo.

With Alexander's sudden death, he became unpopular because of his connection with the dead conqueror. Treated then as a foreigner, he left Athens fleeing to Calsis, where he died the following year.