We still have a good way to go before we finish examining the first truths of Zermelo-Fraenkel Set Theory and thus the first truths of mathematics. We still need to introduce the Infinity Axiom, the Choice Axiom, and the Replacement Axiom Scheme. However, to finish 2001 and start the second year of the knowledge age, we would like to make some suggestions for perhaps helping the mathematics student, or lay people who like mathematics, to expand their mathematical awareness in year that begins.
René Descartes, born in France, of a noble family, received his first instructions at the Jesuit college of La Flèche, graduating in law in Poitier. He was an active participant in various military campaigns such as that of Maurice, the Prince of Nassau, that of Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria, and that of the French army in the siege of La Rochelle.
James Clerk Maxwell was a Scottish physicist and mathematician. He was born in 1831 and died in 1879. From an early age he showed his ability to do mathematics. At the age of 15, he wrote a paper presenting a method for tracing oval curves and sent it to the Scottish branch of the Royal Society. The scholars in charge of analyzing it doubted that it had been done by someone so young.
Maria Gaetana Agnesi was born in Milan in 1718, in a wealthy and cultured family. His father, a professor of mathematics at the University of Bologna, provided him with an exquisite private education, having acquired deep knowledge in various fields, which was not customary in the ladies of this century. At age 9, he gave a lecture in Latin, arguing that the liberal arts - dependent on intelligence - were not inappropriate for their sex.
Siméon Denis Poisson was a French engineer and mathematician, famous for his equations. He was born in Pithiviers on June 21, 1781. He died in Paris on April 25, 1840. The son of a public administrator, he joined the École Polytechnique in 1798 in Palaiseau, where he graduated, studying with teachers such as Lagrange, Laplace and Fourier, of whom he became a personal friend.
Pedro Nunes was born in 1502 in Alcácer do Sal (Portugal), former Salacia, reason why the name "Salaciense" was added to his name. Although descended from Israelites, he always witnessed the Christian faith. Of his childhood nothing is known, and of schooling there are few certainties. It is believed that he had learned in Portugal the first letters, Latin and the subjects of the Arts course, doing university studies in Salamanca (between 1521 and 1522), at an early age.
Srinivasa Ramanujan was an Indian mathematician born in Erode, a small town four hundred kilometers southwest of Madras, India, on December 22, 1887. He made important contributions in the areas of mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, continued fractions, among others.
Nicolai Lobachevsky was born in Russia. At seven he lost his father. Despite financial difficulties, he attended Kazan University, where he contacted professors from Germany, including Bartels, who had taught Gauss. This is due to his preference for the German and geometric currents, unlike his contemporary and also Russian rival Ostrogradsky, who followed French ideas and Cauchy's analysis.
Ronald Aylmer Fisher was a British Geneticist and Statistician who was born on February 17, 1890 in London. He obtained important results in the field of population genetics by modernizing Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. In addition, Fisher is considered one of the parents and the founder of modern statistics.
Tales of Miletus was born around 624 BC in Miletus, Asia Minor (now Turkey), and died around 547 BC also in Miletus. He is described in some legends as a businessman, salt merchant, celibate advocate, or statesman of vision, but little is known about his life. Tales' works have not been able to survive to this day but based on traditions one can reconstruct some ideas.
John Napier was born in 1550, and died April 4, 1617. He was a Scottish mathematician. He was the inventor of the LOGARITHMS. He was educated at St. Andrew's University in Europe. In 1571 Napier returned to Scotland and devoted himself to his current estate and took part in the religious controversies of the time.
Look at the images below. The first is a vase, right? And the second? Would you believe it is two people looking at each other? This is Rubin's famous vase, an optical illusion developed by the Danish psychologist Edgar Rubin. Illusion presents the observer with a mental choice between two valid interpretations: the silhouette of a vase or the profile of two human faces.
Do you think you're lucky to win at Mega-sena? To test your luck, try the following experiment: pick up a coin, pick heads and see if you can take this chosen side 26 times in a row. According to mathematicians, if you can accomplish this feat, congratulations! You have a little more luck than a Mega-Sena gambler!
These are the integers that fulfill the Pythagorean equation a 2 + b 2 = c 2. For example: 3, 4 and 5. They are also known as Pythagorean suit, Pythagorean trio or even Pythagorean triple. See the following table for other examples. abc 3 4 5 5 12 13 7 24 25 9 40 41 11 60 61 13 84 85 15 112 113 17 144 145 19 180 181 21 220 221 23 264 265 25 312 313 27 364 365 29 420 421 31 480 481 What are numbers from Mersenne?
Friendly numbers are pairs of numbers where one is the sum of the dividers on the other. For example, the dividers of 220 are 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 11, 20, 22, 44, 55, and 110, whose sum is 284. On the other hand, the dividers of 284 are 1, 2, 4, 71 and 142 and their sum is 220. Fermat also discovered pair 17,296 and 18.
Did you know that the difference between one number and the other that we get by writing it backwards is zero or a multiple of nine? See some examples: 22 - 22 = 0 51 - 15 = 36 (multiple of 9) 444 - 444 = 0 998 - 899 = 99 (multiple of 9) 1350 - 0531 = 819 (multiple of 9) 654321 - 123456 = 530865 ( multiple of 9) The gugol and gugolplex numbers Table of Contents Next >> The PHI Number
It is a medal awarded to people who have made relevant contributions to the mathematical sciences. Also known as the "International Medal of Outstanding Mathematical Discoveries," the Fields Medal is awarded every four years at the International Congress of the International Union of Mathematics (IMU) to two, three, or four mathematicians, typically up to 40 years old. .
1) Pi is the most recognized mathematical constant in the world, being considered the most important and intriguing number in all mathematics. 2) The symbol for pi () has been used regularly in its mathematical sense only for the last 250 years. 3) We cannot accurately measure the circumference or area of a circle because we will never truly know the value of pi.
Whether it is to decorate your home or even to wear on your wrist, there are already several models of watches that use mathematical operations. Of course, the idea is not to make calculations to find out what time it is, but these watches are a beautiful decorative option, especially for lovers of math.
Eight trillion decimal places in Pi are now known, calculated by the University of Santa Clara, California. Check the table below for the Pi decimal places records that have been established over time. Mathematician Year Egyptian Decimal Houses 1650 A.